Folktale: Why tigers can't climb trees
About Rei – Part 2 by Nakamoto Masahiro
Okinawa Karate "WA" Series
About Rei – Part 1: Mabuni Kenei
1969 article on master Yagi and Sūpārinpe
1969 article on master Higa and Passai Dai
1969 article on master Shimabukuro and Ānankū
1969 article on master Kushi and Wankan
1969 article on masters Kaneshima and Nagamine
Article ”Even at 80 years old “Eyaa!” ” (Okinaw...
Article ”Impressed with every move” (Ryūkyū Shi...
Kobudō 9: Nakaima Kenkō and Uchima Anyū
Kobudō 8: Kyan Shinei and Kaneshima Shinei
Kobudō 7: Ishikawa Hōei and Higa Seitoku
Kobudō 6: Nohara Kamaichi and Takara Shigeru
About the estimated new photo of Itosu Ankō
Karate policemen protecting the safety and secu...
Kobudō 5: Soken Hōhan and Shiroma Taisei
Kobudō 4: Kameshima Shinsuke and Chinen Masami
Kobudō 3: Nakamura Shigeru and Higa Yūsuke
Kobudō 2: Irei Matsutarō and Nakamura Heisaburō
Kobudō 1: Kina Shōsei and Shinjō Heisaburō
Questioning the weapons’ hunt
Kyō Ahagon Jikki, the sword and karate
The unveiling of the statue of Uechi Kanbun
Following the steps of Matsumora Kōsaku
Brushwork of late Matsumura Sōkon
Maekawa bō performed at the Shihan Gakkō
The declaration of the "Karate Day"
A district connected to karate, Uebaru
The beauty of Okinawa karate
The Okinawan folktale “Tora ga ki nobori no dekinai riyū” (Why tigers can't climb trees) can be found on the Hukumusume website (http://hukumusume.com/). We translated and present it below with the authorization of Hukumusume. Go there to listen to the original Japanese narration.
Why tigers can't climb trees
Once upon a time, a tiger expert in Chinese martial arts came to Okinawa as he heard that Okinawa’s karate was powerful.
Arriving in an Okinawan town, the tiger spoke in an arrogant manner.
“I am a master of Chinese martial arts. It is a match between Chinese martial arts and karate to see which one is stronger!”
“What's wrong? Are you fearing my Chinese martial arts?!”
Having never seen such a big tiger before, the Okinawan animals are scared and no one tries to compete.
“If no one competes, Okinawa will be mine!”
At that moment, a small wildcat stepped forward in front of the tiger.
“Okay, I will take you on.”
This wildcat is an Okinawa karate master.
Looking at the wildcat less than his size, the tiger cackled.
“Gahahahaha. A little dwarf like you, challenging me? Okay, for you, just one throw. YAAHH!”
The tiger jumped at the wildcat, but as the wildcat dodges lightly the tiger's attack, he completely beat the large tiger.
“What? ... Not yet, it’s just the start!”
The tiger again aimed at a bout, but no matter how many times it tries, he is no match for the wildcat.
Admitting his loss, the tiger asked the wildcat joining both hands together.
“Master! Please, teach me your Okinawa karate!”
“Okay. Training is hard, but do your best.”
And so, the tiger was allowed to become a disciple of the wildcat and began to practice karate.
Having started karate, the tiger, who originally had a talent for martial arts, improved very fast.
Now that a year has passed, the tiger is the second karate expert after the wildcat.
Understanding the situation, the wildcat thought,
“At this pace, the tiger will become stronger than me. If it happens, one day, he may defeat me and rule Okinawa.”
And so, he didn't teach one of the many lethal techniques of karate.
One day, the bad premonition of the wildcat came true, and the tiger challenged the wildcat.
“Master. I became stronger than you. Now is the time to defeat you and rule Okinawa!”
“All right. I will do my best to defeat you and send you back to China.”
The karate skills of the tiger and the wildcat were equal, but as the tiger was originally advantaged as he excelled in Chinese martial arts, he gradually dominated the bout.
“Not good, if this goes on, I will lose…”
As he thought so, the wildcat used the special karate move that he did not teach the tiger.
That is, tree climbing.
As the wildcat lightly climbed the tree, he waited for the tiger from above.
“Hey master, are you escaping to such a place and surrender?”
The tiger chased the wildcat and also aimed at climbing the tree, but the tiger, who was not taught to climb trees, has a hard time to even cling to the tree.
“There is the chance!”
The wildcat slammed the immobile tiger clinging to the tree and sent him back to China.
And so it is. The tiger is a very strong animal who excels in Chinese martial arts and Okinawa karate, but as the wildcat didn't teach him to climb trees, he is said that he is still not good at climbing trees.
Bu “starts with Rei and ends with Rei”
If you put this in practice in your daily life, it will lead to the best of life. It is important to respect and esteem others. Regarding etiquette, “Rei” is not just about bowing. It is a form of prayer for the success and safety of a demonstration, a way of expressing gratitude to the past masters who devised the kata of martial arts, to the audience, to the performance venue (living thing that is the wood that forms the walls and atmosphere), to the weapons we use and to the people who are performing with us.
When you wake up every morning and say hello to your family, students, fellow students or teachers on their way to school, friends and acquaintances that you meet along the way, the other person will also reply. While living a social life, this leads to a smooth, calm and peaceful life.
“Shitsurei" (as in "excuse me” or a lack of gratitude) means to ignore the other party. "Kiri-sute gomen" - In the Edo period, there was a time when cutting down general commoners, tradesmen, and peasants who behaved rudely towards the samurai class would not be blamed. In all human relationships, the role of "respectful morale" is huge. Originally, the ultimate goal of Japanese martial arts resided in one point: "Uyamau (Kei)" meaning “respect”.
The old form for the character “Rei” has the meaning of offering sake to the gods. According to the Kadokawa dictionary on the origins of characters, there are: 1) Courtesy (Etiquette / Festival), 2) Ceremony (Dress code / Ceremony of proclamation of a Crown Prince), 3) How to show respect toward others (Rudeness / Impoliteness), 4) Gratitude; Expressing gratitude (Thank-you note / Remuneration) 5) Bow. Greetings (Worship / Eyes greetings) are mentioned among others.
When performing karate and kobudō, make sure to bow at the beginning and end of the performance. Bu or martial arts begins and ends with a bow, as a sign of courtesy and gratitude. We all have been strictly taught in this way. Rei is also a form of prayer that calms the heart, nurture a strong force and leads to realization. If you forget Rei, you will soon feel powerless. It is said that “A warrior dies for someone who knows him” (‘Historical records’). To know is to believe, and to always show gratitude should become a daily custom.
Okinawa Prefecture designated intangible cultural asset holder for “Okinawa Karate and Kobujutsu”
Chairman of the Okinawa Traditional Kobudō Preservation Society Bunbukan HDQRS.
82 years old
Many dōjō within the Okinawa prefecture have resumed their training. But in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, international karate enthusiasts still cannot visit Okinawa. In order to meet their demands, our information center has launched a new project titled “Okinawa Karate ‘WA’ Series”.
With the cooperation of instructors who have welcome and taught visiting karateka introduced by our center since its opening in 2017, we present you some videos showcasing the essence of Okinawa karate.
The title of the series, "WA" is usually understood as harmony. However, we chose a Japanese character meaning “to circulate, to surround, to go around,” with the hope that the martial art of Peace that is Okinawa karate will bring peace worldwide. "WA" is also an acronym for the words “Word” and “Action”, the concept on which this series is based.
Through this project, we hope to bring some encouragement to karate enthusiasts all over the world to keep training until they can come to Okinawa. We will update this page regularly, so please visit us frequently!
Shuri Tomari Te systems (Shōrin-ryū)
Naha Te (Gōjū-ryū)
The article below written by Mabuni Kenei sensei, son of the founder of Shitō-ryū Mabuni Kenwa sensei, is part one of a series of two articles relating to Rei.
Rei can mean “to bow” as in “Shomen ni rei – Bow to the front”, but also translate as gratitude, etiquette and proprieties as in “Shurei mon”, the Gate of proprieties at the entrance of Shuri Castle.
Part two is an article written by Nakamoto Masahiro sensei, intangible cultural asset holder for Okinawa karate and kobudō as designated by the Okinawa Prefecture. (Coming soon)
(Photo courtesy from Mr. Sam Moledzki, President, Karate-do Shito-Kai Canada)
JKF Central Qualification Examiner
In all martial arts, sports, and in daily life, one of the most important things is “Rei.”
It is the same in karatedō. It is the most important matter, the first thing to be learned. Rei is not simply a formal lowering of the head, but a method of first correcting one's heart when facing someone, and then correcting one's posture to give a bow.
As for Rei, there is no problem for us Japanese people, but I was made to think about it by some foreigners.
At a dōjō in Central and South America, all the seniors and students lined up to perform Rei at the beginning of the lesson. As all of them were sitting upright in "Seiza", they prepared to bow on the command “Rei”. So far, it was very good but the essential aspect of "Rei" was wrong. All kept their hands on their knees and just knocked lightly their heads down. As all the students were enthusiastic and praiseworthy, I couldn’t understand what happened so I asked the seniors. I thus found out that the Japanese teacher who had been teaching before was so doing when being bowed to by the students. I think that if both the teacher and the learners had corrected their minds first, they would never have done this kind of bowing. (1)
Another episode that happened in another city. It was decided to hold a karate demonstration with the students of a university in this area. The venue, the gymnasium was soon overcrowded with the crowd that had come early. The space where we would perform was narrow, and the audience was only about two meters away from us. In the front row, women were sitting in chairs. If we sat in Seiza and “bow” toward the front as usual, it would inevitably be a respectful salute to the ladies. Somehow it didn’t seem correct. At that moment, I decided to stand in the front and executed a mutual bow with the students.
In the case of bowing, as a custom, I thought it should not be done as a formality. If needed, the method should be considered depending on the place.
In the demonstration of karatedō kata, there are also some movements that express Rei. These moves are aimed at warning against pride, and when performing in front of a large crowd, as our masters and seniors look upon our performances, we ask for their future guidance. The lessons of karate are "Karate ni sente nashi – There is no first attack in karate" and "Kunshi no ken – A gentleman’s fist”. These saying mean to train the fists and feet silently, to never hurt people and always treat people with a gentleman's attitude. In this way, the true purpose of karate is to cultivate a noble character and attitude by respecting etiquette.
Published in the Karate Shinbun Issue 93
Publisher: Karate Shinbun Corporation
Date: March 20, 1977
(1) the proper way to execute Rei when kneeling:
From seiza (kneeling) with your hands on your thighs, facing the front of the dōjō, place first your left palm and then the right palm on the floor in front of you and then keeping your neck in alignment with your back bow. After a short pause, and after the instructor has completed his/her bow, raise again to the seiza position, retracting first your right hand and then your left placing them on your thighs.
Okinawa Kōkai no Yūbe
National special invitation exemplary demonstration (Part III)
(Published on September 23, 1969)
Striving to spread karate
Yagi Meitoku Hanshi (Gōjū-ryū Meibukan)
When Mr. Yagi was told that he had passed entrance to middle school (Nicchu) (1), he was immediately taken by his grandfather to become a student of Gōjū-ryū Miyagi Chōjun sensei. His grandfather had studied kanji and karate in the province of Fujian, China. Since he was a descendant of Jana Uēkata who was well versed in the pen and the sword, his grandfather believed that martial arts were compulsory and Mr. Yagi was forced to learn karate.
Mr. Yagi received tuition from the age of 14 years old until after the war, when Miyagi was still alive. Miyagi sensei was a very strict person, and rather than teaching karate at the beginning, he had people sit and listen to him for one to two hours. As this was both mentally and physically difficult, it is said that not many students stayed for a long time. However, it was the master’s principle to teach only the ones who would keep up with him.
Since being in fourth grade at Nicchu, Yagi Hanshi instructed students at a club in Kume district, and after the war he has worked on popularizing karate teaching at the Budō hall of the Customs office. Currently, he has built the Meibukan in his home in Kume district and is working on nurturing the successors of Gōjū-ryū.
Yagi Hanshi will demonstrate Sūpārinpe that he learned from Miyagi sensei. In kanji, this kata’s name is written “One hundred eight hands” and is also called hyaku hachi no te (108 hands). By the way, the watch-night bell also rings 108 times. As Goju-ryu's Sūpārinpe is the last kata to be taught, it is a kata learned by 5th dan and higher people. It is a long and very sober kata which doesn’t have the flashiness of Kūsankū or Passai.
Yagi Hanshi said, “I have shown this kata to mainland Japan’s Gōjū-ryū dōjō as I had filmed it with an 8 millimeter camera, but with the coming special demonstration at the Nippon Budōkan, I wish to perform in front of many karate people and it would be great if it could serve as a reference for Gōjū-ryū.”
Vice Chairman of All Okinawa Karatedō Federation, Gōjū-kai Chairman, from Kume district, Naha City, 57 years old.
(1) Nicchu was the 2nd middle school of the Okinawa Prefecture, while Icchu was the 1st middle school. They are respectively today’s Naha Senior High School and Shuri Senior High School.